Fatehpuri Sikri was built on ruins of Hindu and Jain City Saikrikya

Fatehpur Sikri is popularly known as the Capital city of Mughal established by Akbar but it has thousands of years of cultural history prior to it as Saikrikya.
Archaeological explorations in this region have revealed prehistoric stone tools, rock shelters with paintings on the periphery of the lake.
Fatehpur Sikri was Saikrikya since Mahabharat Era

Excavations were done at Birchhabili-Tila (Mound), which is 2 Km away from the Fatehpur Sikri fort.
There are multiple idols of Jain and Hindu gods found in this area along with inscriptions using both Brahmi and Nagari scripts in Sanskrit and local dialets.
One such 3 lined inscription on the pedestal of the image of Strutidevi Jaina Saraswati refers to the kingdom or king as ‘Vajramrajye‘ and locality as ‘Santi Vimal Acharya Vastu‘ and ‘Saikrikya‘.
The word ‘Saikrikya‘ is same as Sikri and ‘Vajram‘ as Kachhchhapaghata ruler.
Fatehpur Sikri was Vijayapur Sikri (original hindu name) before Akbar built a fort on ruins. Fateh and Vijay means same (victory).
Saikrikya was inhabited almost since 10000 BCE as Neolithic celts were found here.

Fatehpur Sikri Neolithic Celt 10000 BCE
Next period was Mahabharata era (~3000 BCE) as mentioned in mahabharata itself.
Archaeologists have further found evidences that Saikrikya was continously occupied until late Gupta era and during later periods, Jain temples were built here.
Fatehpur Sikri Greyware Pottery
Fatehpur Sikri Pottery since Mahabharat era
Fatehpur Sikri Pottery

Discovery of Ambika sculpture, red sandstone pillar and two letter Brahmi inscription suggests that cultural deposits belongs to a Jaina shrine.

Fatehpur Sikri Ambika Idol foundFatehpur Sikri Goddess Ambika Idol

Broken heads of various Jaina sculpture and chisel marks is evident of iconoclasm by Muslim invaders after 10th century CE.
Very important archaeological evidence of religious disposal of mutilated sculptures was traced in the form of a man-made pit built of stone-slabs dug by the people during that era. It was prepared for religious disposal of Jain idols to prevent Iconoclasm by Muslims invaders.

Jain Teerthankara at Fatehpur SikriJaina Saraswati at Fatehpur Sikri

Discovery of Jaina Srutidevi Saraswati in Tribhanga posture, four-armed with varada, kamala, pustaka and mala in her hands, with a halo, rich ornaments and the vehicle hamsa is unique.
It bears inscription dated in Vikram Samvat 1069 (1010 CE).
This proves that, post Gupta period (300 BCE), this place had Jain temples.
Fatehpur Sikri Saraswati Pedestal Sanskrit Inscription
Fatehpur Sikri Sanskrit Inscription
Earlier, there were Vaishnava, Saiva and Sakta idols being worshipped.

Fatehpur Sikri Rajput Architectures
After invasion, destruction and loot, this area was deserted for some time and later Mughals came in.
Fatehpur Sikri Anup Talao
Anup Talao in Fatehpur Sikri complex, was excavated and it revealed that it was not the floor but the ceiling of an already existing structure was dating back to Rajput era.
Fatehpur Sikri Rajput Ceiling
Clear signs of imperfections in architecture. Note that the ‘chajjas’ ( छज्जा ) are clearly in a overhang positions on a already existing Rajput structure in Fatehpur Sikri complex.
Fatehpur Sikri Chajjas
Clearly the mughal construction in Fatehpur Sikri complex were a mere additions to pre-existing Rajput Architecture.
Fatehpur Sikri Rajput Architecture
Imperfections in Pillars, doorways, jharokhas and ceiling of Mughal additions are apparent.
Fatehpur Sikri Rajput Door
Pillars and walkways also depict Rajput style architecture.
Fatehpur Sikri Rajput Pillars

One can see broken idols of Yakshini Ambika and her husband seated, and Chakreshwari goddess.

Fatehpur Sikri Yakshini Ambika and Husband IdolFatehpur Sikri Goddess Chakreshwari

Jain Teerthankar Adinatha idol was found beheaded in a pit.
Adinatha Teerthankara Idol in Pit
Beheaded Adinatha

Lord Adinatha idol head was found at some distance.
Beheaded Lord Adinatha

Another idol of Lord Neminatha was found in beheaded state around same area during excavations,
Beheaded Lord Neminatha

Also idols of Shantinatha and Kuntanatha were found in beheaded state.
Fatehpur Sikri Jain idols Shantinatha Kuntanatha

Images Credit : Dr. D.V.Sharma (Archaeologist)