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History of Brain Surgery (Trepanation) since 7000 BCE
Evidences of Skulls with Brain surgery or Trepanation between 7000 BCE – 1400 CE found in Europe, South America, Egypt, India. Bhoja Prabandham written by Raja Bhoj of Paramar around 1050 CE describes its process. Brain surgery or Trepanation is …

World’s First Male Organ Transplant was done on Yayati
World’s first ever recorded male organ transplant was in Adi Parva of Mahabharata and Bhagavata Purana. Yayati (ययाति) was a son of King Nahusha, who was ancestor of Pandavas. He had two wives, Devayani and Sharmishtha. Devayani was the daughter …

Ancient Fracture Treatment methods by Susrutha
In traditional Ayurveda practice, the fracture of bones and their treatment was first mentioned in SUSRUTHA SAMHITA – Chikitsa Sthana from the view of surgical management. Among the different types of fractures, ancient Indian surgeons gave importance to the fractures …

Surgeries in Ancient India (6th Century BCE)
Susrutha performed surgeries on nose, ears, bladder, cataract, fistula, joints, haemorrhage more than 2600 ago with surgical instruments, but first known surgery performed on human body was mentioned in Rig-Veda (composed around 23720 BC), where a Prosthetic leg was attached …

Reason behind Indian Married Women wearing Toe Rings
Wearing of Toe Rings by married women on second finger of feet is a common practice in India. Though it is observed as a symbol of married women, it has scientific significance. These toe rings are called Bichiya (pronounced: bee-chee-ya…

Mysterious Diagrams on Ica Stones, Peru
Ica stones are a collection of andesite stones with variety of diagrams found in or near Ica, Peru. Most of them have drawings of extinct animals, such as dinosaurs, advanced medical works, maps etc. The stones are composed of andesite …

Jeevak kaumarbhritya is real ‘Father of Medicine’
Although Aswini Kumar(s), who are the twin sons of Sun god and Dhanvantari, who emerged from churning of milk ocean (milky way) are initial vedic doctors, Jeevak Kaumarbhritya (around 18th century BCE), contemporary of Gautama Buddha, can be considered as …

Plastic Surgery (Rhinoplasty) in Sushrutha Samhitha (6th century BCE)
Sushrutha Samhita (सुश्रुतसंहिता) is a Sanskrit text on surgery, attributed to Sushruta, a physician who possibly resided in Varanasi around 6th century BCE. Susrutha-Salya-Tantra were composed about 6th century B.C. It has been revised by Nagarjuna in the later part …