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History of Brain Surgery (Trepanation) since 7000 BCE
Evidences of Skulls with Brain surgery or Trepanation between 7000 BCE – 1400 CE found in Europe, South America, Egypt, India. Bhoja Prabandham written by Raja Bhoj of Paramar around 1050 CE describes its process. Brain surgery or Trepanation is …

Ancient Fracture Treatment methods by Susrutha
In traditional Ayurveda practice, the fracture of bones and their treatment was first mentioned in SUSRUTHA SAMHITA – Chikitsa Sthana from the view of surgical management. Among the different types of fractures, ancient Indian surgeons gave importance to the fractures …

Surgeries in Ancient India (6th Century BCE)
Susrutha performed surgeries on nose, ears, bladder, cataract, fistula, joints, haemorrhage more than 2600 ago with surgical instruments, but first known surgery performed on human body was mentioned in Rig-Veda (composed around 23720 BC), where a Prosthetic leg was attached …

Jeevak kaumarbhritya is real ‘Father of Medicine’
Although Aswini Kumar(s), who are the twin sons of Sun god and Dhanvantari, who emerged from churning of milk ocean (milky way) are initial vedic doctors, Jeevak Kaumarbhritya (around 18th century BCE), contemporary of Gautama Buddha, can be considered as …

History of Prosthesis in Vedas and Literature
In medicine, a prosthesis, is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions. Prosthetic devices have existed for centuries. Originally prosthetics were simply replacements for missing limbs, but now they help …

Plastic Surgery (Rhinoplasty) in Sushrutha Samhitha (6th century BCE)
Sushrutha Samhita (सुश्रुतसंहिता) is a Sanskrit text on surgery, attributed to Sushruta, a physician who possibly resided in Varanasi around 6th century BCE. Susrutha-Salya-Tantra were composed about 6th century B.C. It has been revised by Nagarjuna in the later part …