Horus is one of the most significant deities in ancient Egyptian religion, who was worshipped from at least the late Predynastic period through to Greco-Roman times. Different forms of Horus are recorded in history and these are treated as distinct gods by Egypt specialists.
Encylopedia of Ancient Deities in Egypt lists many more names of Horous which interestingly include the names ‘Har’ and ‘Heru Murti’.
Interestingly Hari is Vishnu in vedic religion and his mount (vehicle) is Garuda, who has Eagle face and a strong body.
Garuda (Sanskrit: गरुड) is a large bird-like creature, or humanoid bird which carries Lord Vishnu.
It is mentioned in Vishnu Purana, Ramayana, Garuda Purana and Bhagavata Purana.
Horus is recorded in Egyptian hieroglyphs as ḥr.w; the pronunciation has been reconstructed as *Ḥāru, meaning “falcon“. Additional meanings are thought to have been “the distant one” or “one who is above, over“.
The King in Egypt was considered as incarnation of Horus, similar to Kings in ancient India and present Nepal considered as incarnations of Vishnu.
Egyptian God Horus origin in Mythology
Pyramid texts ca. 2400–2300 BC describe the nature of the Pharaoh in different characters as both Horus and Osiris. The Pharaoh as Horus in life became the Pharaoh as Osiris in death, where he was united with the rest of the gods. New incarnations of Horus succeeded the deceased pharaoh on earth in the form of new Pharaohs.
The lineage of Horus, the eventual product of unions between the children of Atum, may have been a means to explain and justify Pharaonic power; The gods produced by Atum were all representative of cosmic and terrestrial forces in Egyptian life; by identifying Horus as the offspring of these forces, then identifying him with Atum himself, and finally identifying the Pharaoh with Horus, the Pharaoh theologically had dominion over all the world.
The notion of Horus as the Pharaoh seems to have been superseded by the concept of the Pharaoh as the son of Ra during the Fifth Dynasty of Egypt.
Horus was born to the goddess Isis after she retrieved all the dismembered body parts of her murdered husband Osiris, except his penis which was thrown into the Nile and eaten by a catfish,or sometimes by a crab, and according to Plutarch’s account (see Osiris) used her magic powers to resurrect Osiris and fashion a gold phallus to conceive her son (older Egyptian accounts have the penis of Osiris surviving).
Once Isis knew she was pregnant with Horus, she fled to the Nile Delta marshlands to hide from her brother Set who jealously killed Osiris and who she knew would want to kill their son. There Isis bore a divine son, Horus.
Horus is Sky God
Horus was said to be the sky, he was considered to also contain the sun and moon. It became said that the sun was his right eye and the moon his left, and that they traversed the sky when he, a falcon, flew across it.
This is similar to Vishnu (Krishna) stating that Sun and Moon are his eyes and Vishnu in blue color means ‘the one who is spread across‘ (sky).
Horus was occasionally shown in art as a naked boy with a finger in his mouth sitting on a lotus with his mother.
In the Bhagavad-Gita (Ch.10, Verse 30), in the middle of the battlefield “Kurukshetra“, Krishna explaining his omnipresence, says – “ as son of Vinata, I am in the form of Garuda, the king of the bird community (Garuda)” indicating the importance of Garuda.
There are so many similarities like hunting, being god of war etc.